Clinical

Our clinical nursing articles aim to inform and educate nurse practitioners and students. This is achieved through the publication of peer-reviewed, evidence-based, relevant and topical articles.

Research behind a webcam: an exploration of virtual interviewing with children and...

Why you should read this article: • To learn more about virtually interviewing children and young people • To understand the ethical implications of using virtual interviewing to collect data • To appreciate future directions and further research required to establish evidence-based research practices with children and young people Background Societal use of digital technology rapidly increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Face-to-face services converted to online provision where possible. This affected many nurse researchers. Aim To explore conducting research interviews online with children and young people (CYP) about sensitive topics. Discussion This article considers digital inclusion, as well as ethical issues surrounding safety, support and consent, along with choosing tools for collecting data. It also presents a discussion of physical proximity in qualitative interviews with this population and its role in data quality. The authors investigate benefits in the context of researchers’ personal experiences. They acknowledge the disadvantages of conducting interviews online and discuss ways to mitigate these. Conclusion The advantages for researchers include cost-effectiveness, time-efficiency and greater geographical reach of participants. However, CYP’s perspectives are unknown and the specific ethical issues of using this method with CYP need careful consideration. Implications for practice More research is needed to examine virtual interviews from the perspectives of CYP as participants. Virtual acquisition of consent and assent should be investigated to standardise good research practices.

Developing codes from the interview: reading versus listening

Why you should read this article: • To understand the method of developing initial codes from interview recordings • To learn the advantages and disadvantages of generating initial codes from reading transcriptions and from listening to recordings • To create strategies for efficiently analysing data in a grounded theory study Background Interviewing is a vital and common method of collecting data in qualitative research. The interview is usually recorded and a written transcription is created from the recording. The transcription document is then analysed by reading and re-reading to fracture the data and develop initial codes, as in grounded theory methodology. However, this method has disadvantages. Aim To report on how the authors used the process of generating initial codes during their analysis in a research study. Discussion The authors compare the rigour and efficiency of generating initial codes from reading written transcripts with generating initial codes from listening to recordings. The most notable difference between the two methods is the length of time needed to transcribe the recording before coding can start. The authors discuss the lessons they learned from their pragmatic decision to expedite initial coding by listening to rather than reading the interview data. Conclusion Grounded theory requires concurrent data generation and analysis. Audio analysis is efficient in developing initial codes from interview recordings. Implications for practice Nurse researchers can use the audio method of analysing interview data

Is this a good questionnaire? Dimensionality and category functioning of questionnaires used in nursing research

Dimensionality and category functioning of questionnaires used in nursing research

Using modern Rasch techniques of objective measurement to develop high-quality questionnaires

Development and validation of a measure to assess patients’ perceptions of their safety in an acute hospital setting

Assessing patients’ perceptions of their safety in an acute hospital setting

How a measure was developed and validated to assess perceptions of safety

Developing a self-administered questionnaire: methods and considerations

Developing a self-administered questionnaire: methods and considerations

A structured process for developing self-administered questionnaires

Academic writing retreats for nurses and allied health professionals: developing engagement, dissemination and collaboration opportunities

Academic writing retreats for nurses and allied health professionals

Developing engagement, dissemination and collaboration opportunities

Psychoanalytic therapy and narrative research interviewing: some reflections

Psychoanalytic therapy and narrative research interviewing: some reflections

Consider how you conduct interviews and what to share of the participants’ accounts

Using mobile phones, WhatsApp and phone interviews to explore how children’s hospice nurses manage long-term relationships with parents: a feasibility pilot

Exploring how children’s hospice nurses manage long-term relationships with parents

A feasibility study using mobile phones, WhatsApp and phone interviews

Handling missing data through prevention strategies in self-administered questionnaires: a discussion paper

Handling missing data through prevention strategies in self-administered questionnaires

A discussion paper on strategies to prevent missing data in self-administered questionnaires

Being reflexive in research and clinical practice: a practical example

Being reflexive in research and clinical practice: a practical example

Being reflexive as a researcher and a nurse can transform the care of patients and families

Reflecting on ‘insider’ and ‘outsider’ positionality when undertaking culturally sensitive research with young Pakistani men: insights from a female researcher

Reflecting on ‘insider’ and ‘outsider’ positionality in culturally sensitive research

Insights from a female researcher undertaking research with young Pakistani men

The changing paradigm of research delivery during a pandemic – a reflective account

The changing paradigm of research delivery during a pandemic – a reflective account

How clinical research nurse leaders in two NHS organisations responded to the pandemic

Experiences of a community of research practice: a service evaluation

Learn about the benefits and challenges of a community of practice for research

Perspectives on reporting non-verbal interactions

Qualitative researchers need to reach a consensus on focus groups and group interviews

The impact of COVID-19 on doctoral research

How nurse researchers can adapt to the challenges and new opportunities of disruption

A reflection on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

Researchers’ experiences of the framework’s benefits and challenges, and lessons learnt

An introduction to Bayes’ theorem and examples of its application

A look at Bayes’ theorem via examples of conditional probability and clinical applications
Open access

Public involvement in participatory research

The experiences of peer interviewers from Roma, Gypsy and Traveller communities

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